I am hungry to He was hungry. (changes to past continuous), Direct: Azhar said, “It was raining.” (past continuous) Indirect: She asked whether we would come for the party. She said to me, “You wasted your precious time yourself”. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. Indirect: He told me that I am not a genius. The rules above are mandatory for converting direct speech into indirect speech. i) Pronouns of the First Person are changed into the person of the Subject/Speaker. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu. she said , he said , she says , they said , they say etc. ) It is enclosed within quotation marks. e.g. 5. direct and indirect speech rules and examples. When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. Direct: He said, “Mac is better than windows laptop.” This method is called Direct Speech. Direct: Mary said, “She is going to the US next month.” Indirect: Mary said that she was going to the US the following month. We may be reporting something that's being said NOW (for example a telephone conversation), or telling someone later about a previous conversation. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Direct and Indirect Speech! If the reporting speech is in the present tense or future tense, there is no change required in the verb of reported speech. 4. Indirect: Azhar said that it had been raining.” (changes to past perfect continuous). Direct: She said, ‘W ill you come for the party’? Direct: He said, “I am a Cash of Clans player.” (present indefinite) direct and indirect speech rules pdf. Direct: He said to me, “You are not a genius.” Indirect She said the test was difficult. In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. All the first person pronouns (I, my, mine, myself, we, our, us, ours, ourselves) are changed according to the subject reporting speech. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. ‘said to’ of direct speech changes to ‘asked’, ‘questioned’, or ‘inquired’ in Indirect speech. Direct: He said, “He is a rich man.” → She asked me whatI was doing. R.V. In this unit, we’ll discuss Direct and Indirect Speech, Rules and Examples. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … Direct and Indirect Speech. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. i know you must be thinking why should i learn rules first . Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. ; Direct: The sports teacher said, “Run fast, boys.” Indirect: The sports teacher asked the boys to run fast. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. The Direct speech is always enclosed within inverted commas and it always begins with a capital letter. Example: The ship is sinking,” said the captain. 4. 3. Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Indirect: Raju said that he had been repairing a car. … Direct to indirect speech example. Alas! Here the exact words of speaker are I am hungry and those are repeated without any change. Reporting verbs such as ‘said/ said to’ changes to enquired, asked, or demanded. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. Hence, they should be memorized thoroughly. 2. Indirect Speech: When we do not report the real words of speaker and change them, this mood of communication is called indirect speech. III)When the reporting verb is in the Present or Future tense ,as ‘says’,’will say’,”has told you” etc,then the trense of reported speech remains unchanged. iii) Pronouns of the Third Person are not changed at all. 2. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? The word said changes into exclaimed with, after which expressed feelings such as joy, sorrow, surprise, delight, happy, admiration, disgust and horror are used. I) Remove comma and inverted commas. Indirect: He asked me what I was wearing. Indirect: He said that he was a Cash of Clans player.” (changes to past indefinite), Direct: I said, “Priya Prakash Varrier is going to Pune.” (present continuous) Direct: Our teacher said, “Time and Tide wait for none.” Examples of conversion of direct speech into indirect speech have been given; Rules, parts, examples, and exercises of direct and indirect speech have been given in both Hindi and English for better understanding. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. 3. Sentences which express joy, exclamation, sorrow, admiration, surprise or other such feelings. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples, 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples, 10 Examples of Past Perfect Continuous Tense, The question mark and the mark of exclamation are, The interrogative the imperative and exclamatory sentences are. The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. INDIRECT – Do you know what day the school reopens? Indirect Speech is when we report what someone else has said. 2. Indirect: He said that he liked to read kindle then. Indirect Speech In direct speech , a person's exact words are placed in quotation marks and set off with a comma and a reporting clause or signal phrase , such as "said" or "asked." Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. reported speech questions. Changes in Verbs 1. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech… He exclaimed with admiration that it was a lovely sight. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. Direct and indirect speech rules and examples: Direct and indirect speeches are not the favorite topic for many of us.It is because Direct and indirect speech rules are not easy to learn. The word said changes into tell, request, suggestion, permit, asked, advice, warn, remind, force according to the sense of sentences. what is reported speech. 4 Direct … All the second person pronouns (you, your, yours, yourself) are changed according to the subject of reporting speech. Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing English language. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.” When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks (" ") and there is no change in these words. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous remain unchanged. “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… Sentences which express command, order and advice. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. Example: The captain said that the ship was sinking. e.g. Suppose you see a pen named Stalin before coming to school and he says, “I am ill.” You want to give this information to your people. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Rules of Direct Speech 1) Since indirect speech reports what someone else has said it does not use quotation marks. Al the third person pronouns will remain unchanged. direct english. Changes in Person of Pronouns 1. All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. The word said changes into prayed and may changes into might. Direct and Indirect Speech. ; In these two examples, you might have observed that when we use direct speech, we use quotations to outline the real words of the speaker. ‘Said’ is changed into asked or inquired. 1. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is … Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Direct Speech. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. 3. When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. Here we changed the real words of speaker. It is separated from the Reporting verb by a comma. 2. Who was that beautifl woman? Indirect I will study”, said Mary. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Indirect: Our teacher said that time and tide wait for none. Indirect: He said that he is a rich man. You may either use the actual words spoken by Stalin or report in your own words what he said. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Example 1: DIRECT – What day does the school reopen? 1. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. Indirect: I said that Priya Prakash Varrier was going to Pune. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . 3) Some auxiliary verbs change to the simple past tense in indirect speech, unless they are already in simple past tense in direct speech, in which case they remain the same. What are you doing? 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. Indirect: He said that Mac is better than windows laptop. The word said is usually changed into asked or inquired. Direct to indirect speech example. “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. Direct: He said to me, ‘What are you wearing’? Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. narration rules chart. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. In Year 6, children may be encouraged to use indirect speech when writing a biography or practising further journalistic writing. RULES FOR CONVERSION FROM DIRECT SPEECH TO INDIRECT SPEECH. II)The Reported speech is introduced by the conjunction ‘that’. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence ( i.e. Checkout English Summary's free educational tools and dictionaries. e.g. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. 1st Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the subject of the reporting speech. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. In the above example “said” is the reporting verb and “I need more money” is the reported speech. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. 2) Some pronouns change in indirect speech. 50 examples of direct and indirect speech, Apostrophe | Apostrophe Rules | Use of Apostrophe, Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules | Parts of Speech, Active and Passive Voice | Rules and Examples | English and Urdu, Prefixes and Suffixes | 200 Examples in English and Urdu, It contains the words of speaker, the person who is reporting the message, Contains words of speaker whose message is reported. Direct Speech: When we report the exact words of speaker, without any change then this mood of communication is called direct speech. While changing direct speech into indirect speech the rules of sequence of tenses are follows. Direct vs. Where do you live? She said that she was busy with her toys. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. We don’t quote the exact words. You May Download This Lesson in PDF Form at the Bottom of Page. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Will changes into would, shall into should, can into could and may into might. Difference Between Direct and Indirect Questions. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” Rules of Direct Speech In this section, We are going to see How the conversion of Direct to Indirect Speech and Indirect to Direct Speech is done? My mother said to me, “May you live long”. Future Tense (shall/will) to future in the Past (should/would) Direct: The teacher said, “I shall give you notes.” Indirect: The teacher said that he would give them notes. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. Conditional to Perfect Conditional Direct: Direct: He said, “If I … → He wanted to know whereI lived. ii) Pronouns of the Second Person are changed into the person of the pronouns that come after the Reporting Verb. Direct Speech We may quote the actual words of the speaker. But in indirect speech, we have a slight change in words of the one who is making the statement. Full stop or period replaces sign of interrogative or question mark. The following examples cover all the aforementioned rules. e.g. Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.”. We may report the words of a speaker in two ways. Sentences which show wish, desire, hope and prayer. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech before the actual words of the speaker is called a reporting verb. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. 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